1931 — Nicholas Murray Butler, President of Columbia University:


Photo of Nicholas Murry ButlerButler was the head of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. It was Butler who proposed to Frank Kellogg the idea for the Kellogg-Briand Pact. This was one of his many efforts to solve international problems through conciliation.

“Necessity does the work of courage.”






Photo: Courtesy of and Copyright © The Nobel Foundation

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